List of Governor generals and Viceroys of India from 1858 to 1947 PDF download

ViceroysList of Governor generals and Viceroys of India from 1858 to 1947 PDF download

1.Lord Canning (1856 – 1862)

  • First Viceroy of India.
  • Revolt of 1857.
  • Queen Victoria’s Proclamation & passing of the Indian Act of 1858.
  • Withdrawal of the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ in 1859
  • Foundation of the Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in 1857.
  • Indian Councils Act was passed in 1861.
  • Indigo Revolt in Bengal in 1859-60.
  • White Mutiny by the European troops of East India Company in 1859.
  • Penal Code of 1860 declared slave trade in India illegal.
  • Indian Councils Act of 1861.
  • Bahadur Shah II was sent to Rangoon (Burma).

2.Lord Elgin (1862)

  • Supressed the Wahabi Movement.
  • Suddenly died in 1862.

3.Sir John Lawrence (1864 – 69)

  • Famine commission was constituted.
  • Followed a policy of rigid non-interference in Afghanistan called Policy of Masterly Inactivity.
  • Set up High Courts at Calcutta, Bombay & Madras in 1865.
  • Created the Indian Forest department.
  • War with Bhutan in 1865.
  • Telegraphic Communication opened with Europe in 1869-70.

4.Lord Mayo (1869 – 1872)

  • Started the process of financial decentralization in India in 1870.
  • Established the Rayol college at Kathiarwar & Mayo College at Ajmer for the Indian princes.
  • First time in Indian history, a census was held in 1871.
  • Organised the Statistical Survey of India.
  • Beginning of system of state Railway.
  • Only Viceroy to be murdered in office by a Pathan convict in the Andamans in 1872..

5.Lord Northbrook (1872 – 1876)

  • Visit of Prince of Wales Edward VII.
  • Trial of Gaekawad of Baroda in 1875.
  • Kuka Movement in Punjab in 1872.
  • Bihar famine in 1874.

6.Lord Lytton (1876 – 1880)

  • Organised the Grand ‘Delhi Durbar’ in 1877 to adorn Queen Victoria with the title of ‘Kaiser I Hind’.
  • Arms act of 1878 made it mandatory for Indians to acquire license for arms.
  • Passed the notorious Vernacular Press act (1878).
  • Lowering of maximum age from 21 years to 19 years for the Civil Services Examination, an attempt to prevent Indians from entering Civil Services.
  • Appointment of first Famine Commission under Sir Richard Strachy.
  • Second Anglo Afghan war in 1878.

7.Lord Ripon (1880 – 1884)

  • Repeated the Vernacular Press act in 1882.
  • local self government act in 1882.
  • First Factory Act in 1881 for welfare of child labour.
  • Appointment of an Education Commission under Sir William Hunter in 1882.
  • Iibert bill controversy in 1883.
  • Holding of first decennial and regular census in 1881 which put the total population at 2.54 crores.
  • Famine code of 1883.

8.Lord Dufferin (1884 – 1888)

  • Foundation of the Indian National Congress (INC) in 1885
  • Commented on the Congress as “microsopic minority.
  • Third Burmese War ended & finally annexed Burma (1885-86).

9.Lord Lansdowne (1888 – 1894)

  • Passed the Age of Consent Act in 1891 which forbade marriage of girl below 12.
  • Second factory Act of 1891.
  • Division of the Civil services into Imperial, Provincial and the Subordinate.
  • Indian Councils Act of 1892 passed.
  • Appointment of Durand Commission to define the line between British India and Afghanistan (Durand Line).

10.Lord Elgin II (1894 – 1899)

  • Great famine of 1896 – 1897 in Rajasthan & Lyall Commission was appointed.
  • Chapekar brothers of Una assassinated two British officers in 1897.

11.Lord Curzon (1899 – 1905)

  • Creation of new province called the North West Frontier Province.
  • Appointment of Sir Thomas Raleigh Commission in 1902 & Indian Universities Act of 1904
  • as the basis of its recommendations.
  • Ancient Monuments Preservation Act of 1904.
  • Passing of Calcutta Corporation Act in 1899.
  • Partition of Bengal in 1905.
  • Beginning of Swadeshi Movement, against the partition of Bengal.
  • Appointment of Police Commission under Sir Andrew Frazer.
  • Colonel Young Husband’s expedition to Tibet in 1904.
  • Set up Irrigation Commission of 1901 & Jhelum canal was completed.
  • Pusa Agricultural Institute was established in 1903.
  • Appointed Moncrief Commission on irrigation in 1902.
  • Official Secrets Act was passed in 1904.
  • Passed Indian Coinage and Paper Currency Act & put India on gold standard.
  • Responsible for setting up Railway Board.
  • Resigned from his office, because of his controversy with Kitchner in 1905.

12.Lord Minto (1905 – 1910)

  • Great political unrest in India.
  • Extremists like Lala Laipat Rai & Ajit Singh (in May, 1907) and Bal Gangadhar Tilak (in July, 1908) were sent to Mandalay jail in Burma.
  • Split in the Congress in Surat session 1907.
  • Foundation of Muslim League by Aga Khan 1906.
  • Partition of Bengal came into force in October 1905.
  • Khudiram Bose was hanged on April 30, 1908.
  • Newspapers Act, 1908.
  • Minto-Morley Reforms (the Indian Council Act) of 1909.
  • Formal adoption of divide & rule policy in 1909.

13.Lord Hardinge (1910 – 1916)

  • Partition of Bengal was cancelled in 1911.
  • Bihar and Orissa was created in 1911.
  • Coronation Durbar of King George V & Queen Mary at Delhi in 1911.
  • Transfer of Capital from Culcutta to Delhi in 1912.
  • Ghadar Movement started in 1915 in San Francisco.
  • Hindu Maha Sabha in 1915 by Madan Mohan Malviya.
  • Defence of India Act, 1915.
  • Gandhiji came back to India from South Africa in 1915.

14.Lord Chelmsford (1916 – 1921)

  • Foundation of two Home Rule Leagues – one by Tilak in Apr 1916 & another by Annie Beasant in Sep 1916.
  • Lucknow Session & the reunion of the Congress in 1916.
  • Setting up of Sabarmati Ashram in 1916, Champaran Satyagrah in 1917, Satyagraha at Ahmedabad in 1918 & Kheda Satyagraha (1918) by Ghandhiji.
  • August Declaration in 1917 by Montague, the Secretary of State.
  • Resignation of some veteran leaders led by S.N. Banerjee from Congress & founded Indian Liberal Federation (1918).
  • Government of India Act of 1919.
  • Rowlatt Act in 1919 & Jalhianwala Bagh Massacre in 13 April 1919.
  • Khilafat Movement in 1919-20 & Non-cooperation movement in 1920-22.
  • Foundation of women university of Poona & Benaras Hindu University at Benaras in 1916.
  • Aligarh Muslim University was founded.
  • Moplah uprising in 1921.
  • Prince of Wales visited India.

15.Lord Reading (1921 – 1926)

  • Chauri Chaura incident in 1922 & withdrawal of Non-cooperation movement by Gandhi.
  • Foundation of Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh (RSS) by Hedgevar at Nagpur in 1925.
  • Foundation of Swaraj Party by C.R. Das & Motilal Nehru in 1922.
  • Repeal of Press Act of 1910 & Rowlatt Act of 1919.
  • Foundation of Communist Party of India, 1925.
  • Inter University Board was passed.
  • Holding of simultaneous examination for the ICS in England and India with effect from 1923.
  • Royal Commission on agriculture was established.
  • Railway Budget seperated from general budget in 1925.
  • Young Hilton Committee on currency (1926).
  • Beginning of Indian mission of officer cadre of Indian army.
  • Vishwabharati University started by Rabindra Nath Tagore in 1922.
  • Communist part was founded in 1921 by M.N. Roy.
  • Kakory Train Robbery on August 9, 1925.
  • Hilton Young Committee on currency was appointed in 1926.

16.Lord Irwin (1926 – 1931)

  • Simon Commission visited India in 1928.
  • Congress passed the Indian Resolution in 1929.
  • Dandi March (March 12, 1930).
  • Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930.
  • First Round Table Conference held in England in 1930.
  • Murder of superintendent of police, Saunders.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted tricolour of Indian Independence.
  • Gandhi Irwin Pact (March 5, 1931) was signed & Civil Disobediance Movement was withdrawn.

17.Lord Willington (1931 – 1936)

  • Second Round Table conference in London in 1931.
  • On his return Gandhiji was again arrested & Civil Disobedience Movement was resumed in January, 1932.
  • Lee Moody Pact (October 1933) by Bombay textile group.
  • Third Round Table conference in 1932.
  • Poona Pact was signed.
  • Government of India act in 1935 was passed.
  • Burma was separated from British Empire in 1935
18.Lord Linlithgow (1936 – 1943)
  • Congress Ministries in majority of the provinces in 1937.
  • Resignation of Subhash Chandra Bose from the presidentship of the Congress as well as from its membership in 1939, formation of Forward Bloc by Bose and his followers (1939).
  • At its Haripura Session (1939) the Congress declared Poorna Swaraj ideal to cover native states & British India.
  • Muslim League at its Lahore Session (1940) passed Pakistan Resolution.
  • Outbreak of World War II in 1939.
  • Cripps Mission in 1942.
  • In 1940 individual Civil Disobedience Movement was started.
  • August Offer by Linlithgow (1940), its rejection by the Congress & the starting of individual satyagraha by Gandhi.
  • Cripps Mission came to India 1942 offering Dominion status & its rejection by Congress.
  • Starting of Quit India movement also called August Revolution, by Congress (8 Aug 1942) in the Bombay session.

19.Lord Wavell (1943 – 47)

  • Wavell Plan & Simla Conference 1945.
  • INA Trials & Royal Indian Mutiny in 1946.
  • Britain P.M Clement Atlee announced to give independence to India by June 1948.
  • C.R. Formula evolved by C. Rajagopalachari in 1949 & Gandhi Jinnah talks based on it, failure.
  • Cabinet Mission (3 members: Lawrence, Cripps and Alexander) & acceptence of the plan by both Congress & Muslim League.
  • General Election held in 1945-46.
  • Temporary Government formed on Sep 2nd, 1946.
  • Launch of “Direct Action Day” by the League on 16th Aug1946.

20.Lord Mountbatten (1947 – 48)

  • Last Viceroy of British India & the first Governor General of free India.
  • On 3 June 1947 plan to partition was announced.
  • On August 15, 1947 India was declared independent, but on the communal principle of divide.
  • His plan to make India free on August 15 1947 is also known as June 3rd Plan.

Rajagopalachari (1948-50) First & Last Indian Governor General.

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