- First Viceroy of India.
- Revolt of 1857.
- Queen Victoria’s Proclamation & passing of the Indian Act of 1858.
- Withdrawal of the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ in 1859
- Foundation of the Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in 1857.
- Indian Councils Act was passed in 1861.
- Indigo Revolt in Bengal in 1859-60.
- White Mutiny by the European troops of East India Company in 1859.
- Penal Code of 1860 declared slave trade in India illegal.
- Indian Councils Act of 1861.
- Bahadur Shah II was sent to Rangoon (Burma).
2.Lord Elgin (1862)
- Supressed the Wahabi Movement.
- Suddenly died in 1862.
3.Sir John Lawrence (1864 – 69)
- Famine commission was constituted.
- Followed a policy of rigid non-interference in Afghanistan called Policy of Masterly Inactivity.
- Set up High Courts at Calcutta, Bombay & Madras in 1865.
- Created the Indian Forest department.
- War with Bhutan in 1865.
- Telegraphic Communication opened with Europe in 1869-70.
4.Lord Mayo (1869 – 1872)
- Started the process of financial decentralization in India in 1870.
- Established the Rayol college at Kathiarwar & Mayo College at Ajmer for the Indian princes.
- First time in Indian history, a census was held in 1871.
- Organised the Statistical Survey of India.
- Beginning of system of state Railway.
- Only Viceroy to be murdered in office by a Pathan convict in the Andamans in 1872..
5.Lord Northbrook (1872 – 1876)
- Visit of Prince of Wales Edward VII.
- Trial of Gaekawad of Baroda in 1875.
- Kuka Movement in Punjab in 1872.
- Bihar famine in 1874.
6.Lord Lytton (1876 – 1880)
- Organised the Grand ‘Delhi Durbar’ in 1877 to adorn Queen Victoria with the title of ‘Kaiser I Hind’.
- Arms act of 1878 made it mandatory for Indians to acquire license for arms.
- Passed the notorious Vernacular Press act (1878).
- Lowering of maximum age from 21 years to 19 years for the Civil Services Examination, an attempt to prevent Indians from entering Civil Services.
- Appointment of first Famine Commission under Sir Richard Strachy.
- Second Anglo Afghan war in 1878.
7.Lord Ripon (1880 – 1884)
- Repeated the Vernacular Press act in 1882.
- local self government act in 1882.
- First Factory Act in 1881 for welfare of child labour.
- Appointment of an Education Commission under Sir William Hunter in 1882.
- Iibert bill controversy in 1883.
- Holding of first decennial and regular census in 1881 which put the total population at 2.54 crores.
- Famine code of 1883.
8.Lord Dufferin (1884 – 1888)
- Foundation of the Indian National Congress (INC) in 1885
- Commented on the Congress as “microsopic minority.
- Third Burmese War ended & finally annexed Burma (1885-86).
9.Lord Lansdowne (1888 – 1894)
- Passed the Age of Consent Act in 1891 which forbade marriage of girl below 12.
- Second factory Act of 1891.
- Division of the Civil services into Imperial, Provincial and the Subordinate.
- Indian Councils Act of 1892 passed.
- Appointment of Durand Commission to define the line between British India and Afghanistan (Durand Line).
10.Lord Elgin II (1894 – 1899)
- Great famine of 1896 – 1897 in Rajasthan & Lyall Commission was appointed.
- Chapekar brothers of Una assassinated two British officers in 1897.
11.Lord Curzon (1899 – 1905)
- Creation of new province called the North West Frontier Province.
- Appointment of Sir Thomas Raleigh Commission in 1902 & Indian Universities Act of 1904
- as the basis of its recommendations.
- Ancient Monuments Preservation Act of 1904.
- Passing of Calcutta Corporation Act in 1899.
- Partition of Bengal in 1905.
- Beginning of Swadeshi Movement, against the partition of Bengal.
- Appointment of Police Commission under Sir Andrew Frazer.
- Colonel Young Husband’s expedition to Tibet in 1904.
- Set up Irrigation Commission of 1901 & Jhelum canal was completed.
- Pusa Agricultural Institute was established in 1903.
- Appointed Moncrief Commission on irrigation in 1902.
- Official Secrets Act was passed in 1904.
- Passed Indian Coinage and Paper Currency Act & put India on gold standard.
- Responsible for setting up Railway Board.
- Resigned from his office, because of his controversy with Kitchner in 1905.
12.Lord Minto (1905 – 1910)
- Great political unrest in India.
- Extremists like Lala Laipat Rai & Ajit Singh (in May, 1907) and Bal Gangadhar Tilak (in July, 1908) were sent to Mandalay jail in Burma.
- Split in the Congress in Surat session 1907.
- Foundation of Muslim League by Aga Khan 1906.
- Partition of Bengal came into force in October 1905.
- Khudiram Bose was hanged on April 30, 1908.
- Newspapers Act, 1908.
- Minto-Morley Reforms (the Indian Council Act) of 1909.
- Formal adoption of divide & rule policy in 1909.
13.Lord Hardinge (1910 – 1916)
- Partition of Bengal was cancelled in 1911.
- Bihar and Orissa was created in 1911.
- Coronation Durbar of King George V & Queen Mary at Delhi in 1911.
- Transfer of Capital from Culcutta to Delhi in 1912.
- Ghadar Movement started in 1915 in San Francisco.
- Hindu Maha Sabha in 1915 by Madan Mohan Malviya.
- Defence of India Act, 1915.
- Gandhiji came back to India from South Africa in 1915.
14.Lord Chelmsford (1916 – 1921)
- Foundation of two Home Rule Leagues – one by Tilak in Apr 1916 & another by Annie Beasant in Sep 1916.
- Lucknow Session & the reunion of the Congress in 1916.
- Setting up of Sabarmati Ashram in 1916, Champaran Satyagrah in 1917, Satyagraha at Ahmedabad in 1918 & Kheda Satyagraha (1918) by Ghandhiji.
- August Declaration in 1917 by Montague, the Secretary of State.
- Resignation of some veteran leaders led by S.N. Banerjee from Congress & founded Indian Liberal Federation (1918).
- Government of India Act of 1919.
- Rowlatt Act in 1919 & Jalhianwala Bagh Massacre in 13 April 1919.
- Khilafat Movement in 1919-20 & Non-cooperation movement in 1920-22.
- Foundation of women university of Poona & Benaras Hindu University at Benaras in 1916.
- Aligarh Muslim University was founded.
- Moplah uprising in 1921.
- Prince of Wales visited India.
15.Lord Reading (1921 – 1926)
- Chauri Chaura incident in 1922 & withdrawal of Non-cooperation movement by Gandhi.
- Foundation of Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh (RSS) by Hedgevar at Nagpur in 1925.
- Foundation of Swaraj Party by C.R. Das & Motilal Nehru in 1922.
- Repeal of Press Act of 1910 & Rowlatt Act of 1919.
- Foundation of Communist Party of India, 1925.
- Inter University Board was passed.
- Holding of simultaneous examination for the ICS in England and India with effect from 1923.
- Royal Commission on agriculture was established.
- Railway Budget seperated from general budget in 1925.
- Young Hilton Committee on currency (1926).
- Beginning of Indian mission of officer cadre of Indian army.
- Vishwabharati University started by Rabindra Nath Tagore in 1922.
- Communist part was founded in 1921 by M.N. Roy.
- Kakory Train Robbery on August 9, 1925.
- Hilton Young Committee on currency was appointed in 1926.
16.Lord Irwin (1926 – 1931)
- Simon Commission visited India in 1928.
- Congress passed the Indian Resolution in 1929.
- Dandi March (March 12, 1930).
- Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930.
- First Round Table Conference held in England in 1930.
- Murder of superintendent of police, Saunders.
- Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted tricolour of Indian Independence.
- Gandhi Irwin Pact (March 5, 1931) was signed & Civil Disobediance Movement was withdrawn.
17.Lord Willington (1931 – 1936)
- Second Round Table conference in London in 1931.
- On his return Gandhiji was again arrested & Civil Disobedience Movement was resumed in January, 1932.
- Lee Moody Pact (October 1933) by Bombay textile group.
- Third Round Table conference in 1932.
- Poona Pact was signed.
- Government of India act in 1935 was passed.
- Burma was separated from British Empire in 1935
18.Lord Linlithgow (1936 – 1943)
- Congress Ministries in majority of the provinces in 1937.
- Resignation of Subhash Chandra Bose from the presidentship of the Congress as well as from its membership in 1939, formation of Forward Bloc by Bose and his followers (1939).
- At its Haripura Session (1939) the Congress declared Poorna Swaraj ideal to cover native states & British India.
- Muslim League at its Lahore Session (1940) passed Pakistan Resolution.
- Outbreak of World War II in 1939.
- Cripps Mission in 1942.
- In 1940 individual Civil Disobedience Movement was started.
- August Offer by Linlithgow (1940), its rejection by the Congress & the starting of individual satyagraha by Gandhi.
- Cripps Mission came to India 1942 offering Dominion status & its rejection by Congress.
- Starting of Quit India movement also called August Revolution, by Congress (8 Aug 1942) in the Bombay session.
19.Lord Wavell (1943 – 47)
- Wavell Plan & Simla Conference 1945.
- INA Trials & Royal Indian Mutiny in 1946.
- Britain P.M Clement Atlee announced to give independence to India by June 1948.
- C.R. Formula evolved by C. Rajagopalachari in 1949 & Gandhi Jinnah talks based on it, failure.
- Cabinet Mission (3 members: Lawrence, Cripps and Alexander) & acceptence of the plan by both Congress & Muslim League.
- General Election held in 1945-46.
- Temporary Government formed on Sep 2nd, 1946.
- Launch of “Direct Action Day” by the League on 16th Aug1946.
20.Lord Mountbatten (1947 – 48)
- Last Viceroy of British India & the first Governor General of free India.
- On 3 June 1947 plan to partition was announced.
- On August 15, 1947 India was declared independent, but on the communal principle of divide.
- His plan to make India free on August 15 1947 is also known as June 3rd Plan.
Rajagopalachari (1948-50) First & Last Indian Governor General.