Santali Literature Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam (UPSC )

Note: UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Optional Subject consists of 2 papers. Each paper is of 250 marks, making a total of 500 marks. You have to answer in Santali.

Santali Literature Paper – I

(Answers must be written in Santali)

Section A
Part – I
History of Santali Language.

  • Main Austric Language family, population and distribution.

  • Grammatical structure of Santali Language.

  • Important character of Santali Language ; Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Translation, Lexicography.

  • Impact of other languages on Santali.

  • Standardization of Santali Language.

Part – II
History of Santali Literature.

  • Literary trends of the following four periods of History of Santali Literature

  • Ancient literature before 1854.

  • Missionary period ; Literature between 1855 to 1889 AD.

  • Medieval period; Literature between 1890 to 1946 AD.

  • Modern period; Literature from 1947 AD to till date.

  • Writing tradition in History of Santali literature.

Section B

Literary forms – Main characteristics, history and development of following literary forms.

Part – I

Folk Literature in Santali – folk song, folk tale, phrase, idioms, puzzles, and Kudum.

Part – II

Modern literature in Santali

(a) Development of poetry and prominent poets.

(b) Development of prose and prominent writers.

(i) Novels and prominent Novelists.

(ii) Stories and prominent story writers.

(iii) Drama and prominent Dramatist.

(iv) Criticism and prominent critics. (v) Essay, sketches, memoirs, travelogues and prominent writers.

Santali writers.

Shyam Sundar Hembram, Pandit Raghunath Murmu, Barha Beshra, Sadhu Ramchand Murmu, Narayan Soren ‘Toresutam’, Sarada Prasad Kisku, Raghunath Tudu, Kalipada Soren, Sakla Soren, Digambar Hansda, Aditya Mitra ‘Santali’, Babulal Murmu ‘Adivasi’, Jadumani Beshra, Arjun Hembram, Krishna Chandra Tudu, Rupchand Hansda, Kalendra Nath Mandi, Mahadev Hansda, Gour Chandra Murmu, Thakur Prasad Murmu, Hara Prasad Murmu, Uday Nath Majhi, Parimal Hembram, Dhirendra Nath Baske, Shyam Charan Hembram, Damayanti Beshra, T.K. Rapaj, Boyha Biswanath Tudu.

Part – III Cultural Heritage of Santali tradition, customs, festival and rituals (birth, marriage and death).

Santali Literature Paper – II

PAPER II (Answers must be written in Santali)

Section A This paper will require in-depth reading of the following texts and the questions will be designed to test the candidates’ critical ability.

Ancient Literature

Prose

(a) Kherwal Bonso Dhorom Puthi – Majhi Ramdas Tudu “Rasika”.

(b) Mare Hapramko Reyak Katha – L. O. Scrafsrud.

(c) Jomsim Binti Lita – Mangal Chandra Turkulumang Soren.

(d) Marang Buru Binti – Kanailal Tudu.

Poetry

(a) Karam Sereng – Nunku Soren.

(b) Devi Dasain Sereng – Manindra Hansda.

(c) Horh Sereng – W.G. Archer.

(d) Baha Sereng – Balaram Tudu.

(e) Dong Sereng – Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu ‘Thakur’

(f) Hor Sereng – Raghunath Murmu.

(g) Soros Sereng – Babulal Murmu “Adivasi”.

(h) More Sin More Nida – Rup chand Hansda.

(i) Judasi Madwa Latar – Tez Narayan Murmu.

Section B

Modern Literature

PART I – Poetry

(a) Onorhen Baha Dhalwak – Paul Jujhar Soren.

(b) Asar Binti – Narayan Soren “Tore Sutam”

(c) Chand Mala – Gora Chand Tudu.

(d) Onto Baha Mala – Aditya Mitra « Santali ».

(e) Tiryo Tetang – Hari Har Hansda.

(f) Sisirjon Rar – Thakur Prasad Murmu.

PART II – Novels

(a) Harmawak Ato – R.Karstiars (Translator – R.R. Kisku Rapaz)

(b) Manu Mati – Chandra Mohan Hansda.

(c) Ato Orak – Doman Hansdak.

(d) Ojoy Gada Dhiph re – Nathenial Murmu.

PART III – Stories

(a) Jiyon Gada – Rup Chand Hansda and Jadumani Beshra.

(b) Mayajaal – Doman Sahu ‘Samir’ and Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu ‘Thakur’

PART IV – Drama

(a) Kherwar Bir – Pandit Raghunath Murmu

(b) Juri Khatir – Dr. K.C. Tudu.

(c) Birsa Bir – Ravi Lal Tudu

PART V – Biography

Santal Ko Ren Mayam Gohako-Dr. Biswanath Hansda

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