Role of Sanskrit in Indian Literature – IAS & TSPSC Preparation Online !

  • Sanskrit is the mother of many Indian languages.

  • The Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas & Dharmasutras are all written in Sanskrit.
  • There is also a variety of secular & regional literature.
  • Sanskrit is the most ancient language of our country.
  • It is one of the 22 languages listed in the Indian Constitution .
  • The literature in Sanskrit is vast, beginning with the most ancient thought embodied in the Rig Veda, the oldest literary heritage of mankind, & the Zend Avesta.
  • It was Sanskrit that gave impetus to the study of linguistics scientifically during the 18th century.
  • The great grammarian Panini, analysed Sanskrit & its word formation in his unrivalled descriptive grammar Ashtadhyayi.
  • The Buddhist Sanskrit literature includes the rich literature of the Mahayana school & the Hinayana school also.
  • The most important work of the Hinayana school is the “Mahavastu” which is a storehouse
  • of stories.
  • While the Lalitavistara is the most sacred Mahayana text which supplied literary material for the Buddhacharita of Asvaghosa.
  • Sanskrit is perhaps the only language that transcended the barriers of regions & boundaries.
  • From the north to the south & the east to the west there is no part of India that has not
  • contributed to or been affected by this language.
  • Kalhan’s Rajatarangini gives a detailed account of the kings of Kashmir whereas with Jonaraja we share the glory of Prithviraj.
  • The writings of Kalidasa have added beauty to the storehouse of Sanskrit writings.
  • Other great literacy works, which marked the golden era of Indian literature include ‘Abhijanam Shakuntalam’ and ‘Meghdoot’ by Kalidasa, ‘Mricchakatika’ by Shudraka, ‘Swapna Vasavadattam’ by Bhasa, and ‘Ratnavali’ by Sri Harsha.
  • Some other famous works are Chanakya’s ‘Arthashastra’ and Vatsyayana’s “Kamasutra’.

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