With the coming of the Europeans to India various foreign languages like English, French, Dutch & Portuguese were introduced here which greatly enriched Indian languages as they added many new words to their vocabulary.
The contribution of the Christian missionaries in the development of Indian literature was no less significant.
First of all, they published dictionaries and grammar in several local languages.
The books written by them were meant for the newly arrived clergymen from Europe.
These books helped these missionaries as much as they helped the writers in the local languages.
They could easily turn to the dictionaries to find a suitable word or see if the word was grammatically correct.
The second fact is the role of lithographic printing press, which was introduced in India in the beginning of the nineteenth century.
The foreigners had established these presses for printing literature in local languages for the benefit of the new, or would-be converts.
Therefore, the role of printing press in the development of literature cannot be ignored.
The third important fact is the establishment of schools and colleges by the missionaries.
Here, besides English, the missionaries also taught the local languages.
Perhaps their aim was to spread Christianity but they also produced a newly educated class, who had a desire to read their literature.
Thus, the role of missionaries cannot be ignored while writing the history of Indian languages and literature.
Main Writers of English Literature in India
In India there were many writers of the English literature.
The Indians started writing work in English after 1835, when English was made the medium of instruction.
Many Indian writers composd their literature in English.
Some of them showed their interest in the field of poetry, while some others showed their keen interest in prose writing.
Michael Madhu Sudan Dutta, Taradutta, Sarojini Naidu and Ravindranath Tagore made important contribution in the field of English Poetry.
Surendra Nath Banerjee, Firoze Shah Mehta and Jawahar Lal Nehru showed interest in English prose.