Bengal School of Architecture
- Islamic monuments of Bengal are consistent in design as of other regions, with distinguishing features such as material used & designs execution
- Brick was the chief building material with the use of stone being limited largely to pillars for trabeate/Arcuate construction, mainly obtained from demolished temples.
- The so-called “Bengal” roof with sloping cornices, which originated from the bamboo construction, was adopted by the Muslims and later it spread widely, even in other regions.
- Covered brick & glazed tiles were usually pressed into service for decoration.
- Ex:- kadam Rasul mosque in gaur, Bengal & Adina Masjid at Pandna, Bengal.
Malwa School of Architecture (MP & Rajasthan)
- Followed arcade style majorly with elegant use of arch with pillar and beam;
- Lofty terraces approached by well-proportioned stairways,
- Impressive size of buildings, use of various colored stones & marbles with minor use of bright colored glazed tiles.
- Minaret is absent in this style
- Ex:- Rani Rupmati pavilion, Ashrafi Mahal, Hindola mahal & Jahaz Mahal.
Jaunpur School of Architecture (UP)
- Developed by Sharqi Dynasty hence also called as sharqi style. It was influenced by the buildings of Tughlaq period.
- During the rule of Shamsuddin Ibrahim (1402-1436 AD) Atala Masjid was built in 1378.
Gujarat School of Architecture
- Gujarat witnessed significant architectural activity for over 250 years starting from Muzaffar Shah’s declaration of independence from Delhi & the formation of the Sultanate of Gujarat in 1307 AD until the conquest of Gujarat by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1500 AD.
- Ahmedabad is a city full of architectural masterpieces which include Sayyid Alam’s mosque (1412), Teen Darwaza (1415), Tomb of Ahmed Shah (1440), Rani-ka-Hujra (1440), the Jami Masjid.
- Qutubuddin’s mosque (1454), Rani Sipri Mosque (1505), Sidi Bashir’s Mosque (1510), Rani Rupmati Masjid at Mirzapur (built between 1430 & 1440) & the Kankaria Lake, constructed in 1451 by Sultan Qutb-ud-Din.
Bihar School of Architecture
- Sasaram in Bihar – Sher Shah’s Tomb, tomb of his father, Hasan Sur Khan built in 1535, tomb of his son Salim Shah & tomb of Alwal Khan, the chief architect of Sher Shah.
- Completion of the sixth city of Delhi called the Shergarh or Dilli Sher Shai around the Purana Qila area in 1540s.