Provincial Style during Islamic Era in India

Bengal School of Architecture

  • Islamic monuments of Bengal are consistent in design as of other regions, with distinguishing features such as material used & designs execution
  • Brick was the chief building material with the use of stone being limited largely to pillars for trabeate/Arcuate construction, mainly obtained from demolished temples.
  • The so-called “Bengal” roof with sloping cornices, which originated from the bamboo construction, was adopted by the Muslims and later it spread widely, even in other regions.
  • Covered brick & glazed tiles were usually pressed into service for decoration.
  • Ex:- kadam Rasul mosque in gaur, Bengal & Adina Masjid at Pandna, Bengal.Kadam rasool mosque

Malwa School of Architecture (MP & Rajasthan)

  • Followed arcade style majorly with elegant use of arch with pillar and beam;
  • Lofty terraces approached by well-proportioned stairways,
  • Impressive size of buildings, use of various colored stones & marbles with minor use of bright colored glazed tiles.
  • Minaret is absent in this style
  • Ex:- Rani Rupmati pavilion, Ashrafi Mahal, Hindola mahal & Jahaz Mahal.hindola-mahal

Jaunpur School of Architecture (UP)

  • Developed by Sharqi Dynasty hence also called as sharqi style. It was influenced by the buildings of Tughlaq period.
  • During the rule of Shamsuddin Ibrahim (1402-1436 AD) Atala Masjid was built in 1378.

Gujarat School of Architecture

  • Gujarat witnessed significant architectural activity for over 250 years starting from Muzaffar Shah’s declaration of independence from Delhi & the formation of the Sultanate of Gujarat in 1307 AD until the conquest of Gujarat by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1500 AD.
  • Ahmedabad is a city full of architectural masterpieces which include Sayyid Alam’s mosque (1412), Teen Darwaza (1415), Tomb of Ahmed Shah (1440), Rani-ka-Hujra (1440), the Jami Masjid.
  • Qutubuddin’s mosque (1454), Rani Sipri Mosque (1505), Sidi Bashir’s Mosque (1510), Rani Rupmati Masjid at Mirzapur (built between 1430 & 1440) & the Kankaria Lake, constructed in 1451 by Sultan Qutb-ud-Din.Rani Rupamati Mosque

Bihar School of Architecture

  • Sasaram in Bihar – Sher Shah’s Tomb, tomb of his father, Hasan Sur Khan built in 1535, tomb of his son Salim Shah & tomb of Alwal Khan, the chief architect of Sher Shah.
  • Completion of the sixth city of Delhi called the Shergarh or Dilli Sher Shai around the Purana Qila area in 1540s.
  • Purana Qila has 3 main gates – the Humayun darwaza, Talaqi darwaza and Baradarwaza. Qila-i-kuhna masjid built by Sher Shah Suri in 1541 AD in the Purana Qila.quila-i-kuhna

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