Nepali Literature Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam (UPSC )

Note: UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Optional Subject consists of 2 papers. Each paper is of 250 marks, making a total of 500 marks. You have to answer in Nepali language only.

Nepali Literature Paper-I

Section-A

  • History of the origin and development of Nepali as one of the new Indo-Aryan Languages

  • Fundamentals of Nepali Grammar and phonology;

(i) Nominal forms and categories Gender, Number, Case, Adjectives, Pronouns, Avyayas

(ii) Verbal forms and categories Tense, Aspects, Voice, Roots and Fixes

(iii) Nepali Swara and Vyanjana;

  • Major Dialects of Nepali

  • Standardisation and Modernisation of Nepali with special reference to language movements (viz. Halanta Bahiskar, Jharrovad etc.)

  • Teaching of Nepali language in India-Its history and development with special reference to its socio-cultural aspects.

Section-B

  • History of Nepali literature with special reference to its development in India.

  • Fundamental concepts and theories of literature Kavya/Sahitya, Kavya Prayojan, Literary genres, Shabda Shakti, Rasa, Alankara, Tragedy, Comedy, Aesthetics, Stylistics.

  • Major literary trends and movements Swachchhandatavad, Yatharthavad, Astitwavad, Ayamik Movement, Contemporary Nepali writings, Postmodernism.

  • Nepali folklore’s (the following folk-form only)- Sawai, Jhyaurey, Selo, Sangini, Lahari.

Nepali Literature Paper-II

This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed below and questions will be designed to test the candidate’s critical acumen.

Section-A

  • Santa Jnandil Das -Udaya Lahari

  • Lekhnath Poudyal -Tarun Tapasi – (Vishrams III, V, VI, XII, XV, XVIII only)

  • Agam Singh GiriJaleko Pratibimba Royeko Pratidhwani(The following poems only-rasawako Chichy-ahat-sanga Byunjheko Ek Raat, Chhorolai, Jaleko Pratibimba Royeko Prati-dhwani, Hamro Akashmani Pani Hunchha Ujyalo, Tihar).

  • Haribhakta KatuwalYo Zindagi Khai Ke Zindagi(The following poems only – Jeevan Ek Dristi, Yo Zindagi Khai Ke Zindagi, Akashka tara Ke Tara, Hamilai Nirdho Nasamjha, Khai Many-ata Yahan Atmahutiko Balidan Ko).

  • Balkrishna SamaPrahlad

  • Manbahadur MukhiaAndhyaroma Banchneharu(The following One-Act plays only-‘Andhyaroma Banchneharu’, ‘Suskera’).

Section-B

  • Indra SundasSahara

  • Lilbahadur Chhetri-Brahmaputrako Chheuchhau

  • Rupnarayan Sinha-Katha Navaratna (The following stories only-Biteka Kura, Jimmewari Kasko, Dhanamatiko Cinema-Swapna, Vidhwasta Jeevan).

  • Indrabahadur Rai-Vipana Katipaya(The following stories only-Raatbhari Huri Chalyo, Jayamaya Aphumatra Lekha-pani Aipugi, Bhagi, Ghosh Babu, Chhutyaiyo).

  • Sanu Lama-Katha Sampad(The following stories only-Swasni Manchhey, Khani Tarma Ekdin, Phurbale Gaun Chhadyo, Asinapo Manchhey).

  • Laxmi Prasad Devkota-Laxmi Nibandha Sangraha(The following essays only-Sri Ganeshaya Namah, Nepali Sahityako Itihasma Sarvashrestha Purus, Kalpana, Kala Ra Jeevan, Gadha Buddhiman Ki Guru?)

  • Ramkrishna SharmaDas Gorkha(The following essays only-Kavi, Samaj Ra Sahitya, Sahityama Sapekshata, Sahityik Ruchiko Praudhata, Nepali Sahityako Pragati).

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