Manganese ore Distribution in India

  • Manganese is not found as a free element in nature; it is often found in minerals in combination with iron.

  • Manganese is a metal with important industrial metal alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels.

Manganese oreManganese Ore

  • India ranks fifth in the production of manganese ore in the world, next only to China, Gabon, South Africa and Australia.

  • India processes second largest reserves in the world after Zimbabwe; 430 million tonnes

  • Manganese ore forms an important ingredient in the manufacture of iron and steel.

  • It is also used in manufacture of dry batteries, in photography, leather and match industries.

  • About 85 % of total manganese consumption in India is used by metallurgical industries.

  • The important areas of production are in Orissa, M.P, Maharashtra, Karnataka and A.P.


1. Odisha

  • It is the single most important state in the production of manganese accounting for over 38 % of the total production.

  • The Gondite deposits in Sundargarh and khondolite and kodurite deposits in Kalahandi and Koraput are rich in manganese.

  • Manganese is also mined in Bolangir and Sambhalpur districts of Orissa.

2. Maharashtra:

  • Maharashtra is the second largest producer of Manganese, accounting for about 23 % of the total production.

  • In Maharashtra, manganese is found in Bhandara, Nagpur, and Ratnagiri districts.

  • The Ratnagiri ore is, however, of superior quality.

3. Madhya Pradesh:

  • About 20 % of the total manganese production comes from the state of M.P.

  • Balaghat and Chhindwara are the main districts in which it is mined.

4. Karnataka:

  • The state of Karnataka produces about 13 % of the total production of manganese of the country.

  • In Karnataka, the deposits are located in the districts of Shimoga, Chitrdurga, Tumkur and Bellary.

  • Small deposits are reported in Bijapur, Chikmagalur and Dharwar districts.

  • Karnataka is the second largest producer of manganese ore, accounting for 26 % of country’s total productions. It accounts for 6.41 % of country’s total reserves.

5. A.P:

  • Nearly 8 % of the total manganese production of India is done in A.P.

  • Srikakulam and Vishakhapatnam are the leading producer districts of manganese in A.P.

  • Also mined in Cuddapah, Guntur, and Vijayanagram.

Export of Manganese
  • Four-fifths of the total production is consumed domestically.

  • Japan is the largest buyer of Indian manganese.

  • The other buyers are the USA, UK, Germany, France, Norway.manganese

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