Maithili Literature Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam (UPSC )

Note: UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Optional Subject consists of 2 papers. Each paper is of 250 marks, making a total of 500 marks. You have to answer in Maithili language only.

Maithili literature Paper-I

Part A

History of Maithili Language

  • Place of Maithili in Indo-European language family.

  • Origin and development of Maithili language. (Sanskrit, Prakrit, Avhatt, Maithili)

  • Periodic division of Maithili Language. (Beginning, Middle era, Modern era)

  • Maithili and its different dialects.

  • Relationship between Maithili and other Eastern languages (Bengali, Asamese, Oriya )

  • Origin and development of Tirhuta Script.

  • Pronouns and Verbs in Maithili Language.

Part B

History of Maithili Literature

  1. Background of Maithili Literature (Religious, economic, social, cultural).

  2. Periodic division of Maithili literature.

  3. Pre-Vidyapati Literature.

  4. Vidyapati and his tradition.

  5. Medieval Maithili Drama (Kirtaniya Natak, Ankia Nat, Maithili dramas written in Nepal .

  6. Maithili Folk Literature (Folk Tales, Folk Drama, Folk Stories, Folk Songs).

  7. Development of different literary forms in modern era

(a) Prabandh-kavya

(b) Muktak-kavya

(c) Novel

(d) Short Story

(e) Drama

(f) Essay

(g) Criticism

(h) Memoirs

(i) Translation

  1. Development of Maithili Magazines and Journals

Maithili literature Paper – II

The paper will require first-hand reading of the prescribed texts and will test the critical ability of the candidates.

Part-A

  • Vidyapati Geet-Shati – Publisher Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi (Lyrics – 1 to 50)

  • Govind Das Bhajanavali – Publisher Maithili Acadamy, Patna (Lyrics – 1 to 25)

  • Krishnajanm – Manbodh

  • Mithilabhasha Ramayana – Chanda Jha (only Sunder-Kand)

  • Rameshwar Charit Mithila Ramayan – Lal Das (only Bal-kand)

  • Keechak-Vadh – Tantra Nath Jha.

  • Datta-Vati – Surendra Jha ‘Suman’ {only 1st and 2nd Cantos}.

  • Chitra-Yatri

  • Samakaleen Maithili Kavita – Publisher Sahitaya Akademi, New Delhi .

Part-B

  • Varna Ratnakar – Jyotirishwar (only 2nd Kallol)

  • Khattar Kakak Tarang – Hari Mohan Jha

  • Lorik–Vijaya-Manipadma

  • Prithvi Putra – Lalit

  • Bhaphait Chahak Jinagi – Sudhanshu ‘Shekhar’ Choudhary

  • Kriti Rajkamlak – Publisher Maithili Acadamy, Patna (First Ten Stories only)

  • Katha–Sangrah – Publisher Maithili Acadamy, Patna.

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