Khilji Dynasty (1290-1320): From Firoz shah to Khusro

Khilji Dynasty (1290-1320)

  • Khiljis or Khaljis, wrongly believed to be Afghans, were actually Turks.
  • The term Khilji means “swordsman” in Turkic languages.Khilji's map

Jallaluddin Firuz Khalji (1290 – 1296)

  • Founder of Khilji dynasty.
  • He followed gentle and generous policies & ruled for 6 years.
  • He was killed by his nephew Alauddin Khilji.

Alauddin Khilji (1296-1316)

  • Potrait of Allauddin KhiljiFirst Turkish Sultan of Delhi who separated religion from politics.
  • He annexed Gujarat (1298), Ranthambhor (1301), Mewar (1303), Malwa (1305), Jalor (1311).
  • In Deccan, Aluddin’s army led by Malik Kafur defeated Ram Chandra, Pratap Rudradeva, Vir ballal III & Vir Pandya.
  • Most important experiment undertaken by the Alauddin was the attempt to control the markets.

Economic Reforms

  • Attack of the religious endowments and free grants of lands
  • Creation of new department viz Diwan-i-Mustakhraj to enquire into the revenue areas & to collect them
  • Establishment of separate markets for food grains cloth, horses, fruits etc
  • Introduction of Dagh or branding of horses and Chehra

Administrative Reforms

  • Nobles should not intermarry without his permission.
  • Prohibition on use of wine in Delhi.
  • Reorganized the Spy system.
  • Seized the properties of Nobles classes.

Military Reforms

  • Abolition of Iqtas of royal troopers and the payment of their salaries in crash.
  • Introduced the first permanent standing army of India.
  • Regular master of the army.

Malik Kafur

  • He was an Indian eunuch and slave who became a general in the army of Alauddin Khilji.

  • He was called Hazar- Dinari because he was purchased for 1,000 Dinars by Nusrat Khan

  • In 1297, he was purchased for 1,000 Dinars by Nusrat Khan.

  • His invasion of Pandya was the farthest south that any Muslim invasion would ever reach in India.

  • After the death of Alauddin he placed, Kafur killed all the princes of royal blood who had any claim to the throne.

Mubarak Shah (1316 – 1320)

  • Son of Alauddin, escaped from the eyes of Malik Kafur.

  • After the death of Kafur he became the king.

  • After seating on the throne, he canceled all harsh regulations started by his father.

Nasiruddin Khusro Shah (1320)

  • He killed Mubarak Shah and taken the throne.

  • He was defeated and killed by Ghazi Malik.

  • The 30 years rule of Khilji dynasty came to an end.

Amir Khusro (1253 – 1325)

  • Founder of both Hindustani classical music and Qawwali.

  • Associated with royal courts of more than 7 rulers of Delhi Sultanate.

  • Created the fusion of Indian Arabic and Persian music.

  • He invented tabla and sitar and modified veena.

  • He was given the title Totha-i-Hind (parrot of India).

One thought on “Khilji Dynasty (1290-1320): From Firoz shah to Khusro

  • March 17, 2017 at 3:56 pm

    These are some exciting aspects about Khilji Dynasty.. thanks a lot for sharing this information. I was reading about their coinage on websites like Mintage World and happened to see this article

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