Kashmiri Literature Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam (UPSC )

Note: UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Optional Subject consists of 2 papers. Each paper is of 250 marks, making a total of 500 marks. You have to answer in Kashmiri language only.

Kashmiri literature Paper – I

Section – A

  • Genealogical relationship of the Kashmiri language various theories.

  • Areas of occurrence and dialects (geographical/social)

  • Phonology and grammar

  • Vowel and consonant system;

  • Nouns and pronouns with various case inflections;

*Verbs various types and tenses.

  • Syntactic structure

  • Simple , active and declarative statements;

  • Coordination;



  • Kashmiri literature in the 14th century (Socio-cultural and intellectual background with special reference to Lal Dyad and Sheikhul Alam)

  • Nineteenth century Kashmiri literature (development of various genres vatsun; ghazal; and mathnavi).

  • Kashmiri literature in the first half of the twentieth century (with special reference to Mahjoor and Azad; various literary influences).

  • Modern Kashmiri literature (with special refernece to the development of the short story, drama, novel and nazm).


Kashmiri literature Paper – II

Answers must be written in Kashmiri.


  1. Intensive study of Kashmiri poetry upto the nineteenth century

  2. Lal Dyad

  3. Sheikhul Aalam

iii) Habba Khatoon

  • Kashmiri poetry 19th Century

  • i) Mahmood Gami (Vatsans)

  • ii) Maqbool Shah (Gulrez)

iii) Rasool Mir (Ghazals)

  • Abdul Ahad Nadim (N’at)

  • Krishanjoo Razdan (Shiv Lagun)

  • Sufi Poets (Text in Sanglaab, published by the Deptt. of Kashmiri, University of Kashmir)

  • Twentieth Century Kashmiri poetry (text in Azich Kashir Shairi, published by the Deptt. of Kashmiri, University of Kashmir)

  • Literary criticism and research work development and various trends.


  • An analytical study of the short story in Kashmiri.

  • Afsana Majmu’a, published by the Deptt. of Kashmiri, University of Kashmir.

  • Kashur Afsana Az, published by the Sahitya Akademi

Hamasar Kashur Afsana, published by the Sahitya Akademi

  • The following short story writers only Akhtar Mohi-ud-Din, Kamil, Hari Krishan Kaul, Hraday Kaul Bharti, Bansi Nirdosh, Gulshan Majid.

  • Novel in Kashmiri

  • Mujrimby G.N. Gowhar

  • Marun-IvanIlyichun, (Kashmiri version of Tolstoy’s The Death of Ivan Iiyich (Published by Kashmiri Deptt).

  • Drama in Kashmiri

  • Natuk Kariv Band, by Hari Krishan Kaul

  • OK Angy Natuk, Motilal Keemu. published by Sahitya Akademi.

  • Razi Oedipus, tr. Naji Munawar, published by Sahitya Akademi.

  • Kashmiri Folk Literature

  • Kashur LukiTheatre by Mohammad Subhan Bhagat, published by Deptt. of Kashmiri, University of Kashmir.

  • Kashiry Luki Beeth (all volumes) published by the J & K Cultural Academy.

Feel free to comment !!