Origion of Indian Music: Traced from Sama veda & its Upaveda, Gandharva veda
- In puranas Narada is the reference of Music & First one who heard this revealation.
- Tambru was the first musician.
- Nād or sound is supposed to be the basis of all creations.
- Bharat muni’s Natya Shastra contains several chapters on music.
- He defined music as a combination of Artya gayana & vadana.
- Rāga &
- In general sense ‘swara’ menas tone or pitch.
- The premitive sound “OM” gave birth to swara.
- ‘Saptaswaras‘ or 7 swaras: Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Tha & Ni
- ‘Shruti’ is a theoretical interval of which the scale contains 22.
- In Carnartic Music, swaras have prakruti and vikruti swaras.
- The vikruti swaras are Ri, GA, Ma, Da and Ni.
- The rest are prakruti swaras i.e SA & PA.
- Basis of melody
- Combination of tone or swara or notes
- Minimum 5 notes in every raga.
3 kinds of Rāgas
- Odava Rāga: 5 notes,
- Shadava Rāga: 6 notes &
- Sampurna Rāga: 7 notes.
There are 6 principle Rāgas in Hindustani music & are time specific, season specific & mood specific.
- Basis of timed Rhythm.
- Arrangement of beats in a cyclical manners.
- Range of Tāla is 3 to 108 beats.
- As per Natya Shastra, they are 32 types.
Most popular Tāla is ‘Teental’ has 16 beats.
Note: Classification of Indian Music; 2 distinct styles i.e Hindustani & Carnatic.