Hindi Literature Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam (UPSC )

Note: UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Optional Subject consists of 2 papers. Each paper is of 250 marks, making a total of 500 marks. You have to answer in Hindi language only.

Hindi literature Paper – I

Answers must be written in Hindi.

Section-A

History of Hindi Language and Nagari Lipi

1.Grammatical and applied forms of Apbhransh, Awahatta & Arambhik Hindi.

2.Development of Braj and Awadhi as literary language during medieval period.

3.Early form of Khari-boli in Siddha-Nath Sahitya, Khusero, Sant Sahitaya, Rahim etc. and Dakhni Hindi.

  1. Development of Khari-boli and Nagari Lipi during 19th Century.

  2. Standardisation of Hindi Bhasha & Nagari Lipi.

  3. Development of Hindi as national Language during freedom movement.

The development of Hindi as a National Language of Union of India.

4.Scientific & Technical development of Hindi Language.

  1. Prominent dialects of Hindi and their inter relationship.

  2. Salient features of Nagari Lipi and the efforts for its reform & Standard form of Hindi.

  3. Grammatical structure of Standard Hindi.

Section-B

History of Hindi Literature

1.The relevance and importance of Hindi literature and tradition of writing History of Hindi Literature.

2.Literary trends of the following four periods of history of Hindi Literature.

  • Adikal-Sidh, Nath and Raso Sahitya. Prominent poets-Chandvardai, Khusaro, Hemchandra, Vidyapati.

  • Bhaktikal-Sant Kavyadhara, Sufi Kavyadhara, Krishna Bhaktidhara and Ram Bhaktidhara. Prominent Poets-Kabir, Jayasi, Sur & Tulsi.

  • Ritikal-Ritikavya, Ritibaddhakavya & Riti Mukta Kavya. Prominent Poets-Keshav, Bihari, Padmakar and Ghananand.

  • D Adhunik Kal

  1. Renaissance, the development of Prose, Bharatendu Mandal.

  2. Prominent Writers Bharatendu, Bal Krishna Bhatt & Pratap Narain Mishra.

  3. Prominent trends of modern Hindi Poetry Chhayavad, Pragativad, Proyogvad, Nai Kavita, Navgeet and Contemporary poetry and Janvadi Kavita.

  4. Prominent Poets Maithili Sharan Gupta, Prasad, Nirala, Mahadevi, Dinkar, Agyeya, Muktibodh, Nagarjun.

III. Katha Sahitya

  • Upanyas & Realism

  • The origin and development of Hindi Novels.

  • Prominent Novelists Premchand, Jainendra, Yashpal, Renu and Bhism Sahani.

  • The origin and development of Hindi short story.

  • Prominent short Story Writers Premchand, Prasad, Agyeya, Mohan Rakesh & Krishna Shobti.

  • Drama & Theatre

  • The origin & Development of Hindi Drama.

  • Prominent Dramatists Bharatendu, Prasad, Jagdish Chandra Mathur, Ram Kumar Verma, Mohan Rakesh.

  • The development of Hindi Theature.

  • Criticism

  1. The origin and development of Hindi criticism Saiddhantik, Vyavharik, Pragativadi, Manovishleshanvadi & Nai Alochana.

  2. Prominent critics Ramchandra Shukla, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma & Nagendra.

  1. The other forms of Hindi prose-Lalit Nibandh, Rekhachitra, Sansmaran, Yatra-vrittant.

Hindi literature Paper – II

This paper will require first hand reading of prescribed texts and will test the critical ability of the candidates.

Section-A

  1. Kabir Kabir Granthawali, Ed, Shyam Sundar Das (First hundred Sakhis.)

  2. Surdas Bhramar Gitsar, Ed. Ramchandra Shukla (First hundred Padas)

  3. Tulsidas Ramchrit Manas (Sundar Kand) Kavitawali (Uttar Kand).

  4. Jayasi Padmawat Ed. Shyam Sundar Das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog Khand)

  5. Bihari Bihari Ratnakar Ed. Jagnnath Prasad Ratnakar (First 100 Dohas)

  6. Maithili Sharan Gupta Bharat Bharati

  7. Prasad Kamayani (Chinta and Sharddha Sarg)

  8. Nirala Rag Virag, Ed. Ram Vilas Sharma (Ram Ki Shakti Puja & Kukurmutta).

  9. Dinkar Kurushetra

  10. Agyeya Angan Ke Par Dwar (Asadhya Vina)

  11. Muktiboth Brahma Rakshas

  12. Nagarjun Badal Ko Ghirte Dekha Hai, Akal Ke Bad, Harijan Gatha.

Section-B

  1. Bharatendu Bharat Durdasha

  2. Mohan Rakesh Ashad Ka Ek Din

  3. Ramchandra Shukla Chintamani (Part I) (Kavita Kya Hai] Shraddha Aur Bhakti)

  4. Dr. Satyendra Nibandh Nilaya-Bal Krishna Bhatt, Premchand, Gulab Rai, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma, Agyeya, Kuber Nath Rai.

  5. Premchand Godan, Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai, Manjusha – Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai

  6. Prasad Skandgupta

  7. Yashpal Divya

  8. Phaniswar Nath Renu Maila Anchal

  9. Mannu Bhandari Mahabhoj

  10. Rajendra Yadav Ek Dunia Samanantar (All Stories)

 

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