1.Roger Drake (1756 – 58)
- In his reign only Calcutta was captured by Siraj-ul-Daula in the third Carnatic War.
- Black Hole tragedy & Battle of Plassey of 1757 took place.
2.Robert Clive (1758 – 60)
- Battle of Bedara in 1759, Dutch were defeated by the East India Company.
- Calcutta was recaptured by Clive.
- Collecting wealth from the victorious wars.
3.Henry Vansittart (1760 – 65)
- Mir Jafar was replaced by Mir Qasim as the Nawab of Bengal in 1760.
- Battle of Buxar was fought in 1764.
- Death of Mir Jafar & succession of his son Najmud-daula.
- Treaty of Allahabad was concluded on 20th Feb, 1765 according to which the administration was left in deputy Subedar who was to be a British nominee.
4.Robert Clive (1765 – 67) 2nd term
- Company got Diwani rights in Bengal, Bihar & Orissa.
- Dual Government Started in Bengal .
- Prohibited the servants of the company from
- indulging in private trade & made payment of internal duties obligatory.
5.Harry Verclst (1767 – 69)
6.John Cartier (1769 – 72)
7.Warren Hastings (1772 – 73)
- Ended Dual government in 1772 which was started by Clive
- Signed the treaty of Benaras in 1773 with Nawab Shujauddaula of Awadh.
- Quinquennial settlement of land revenue in 1772
Governor – Generals of Bengal
1.Warren Hastings (1773 – 85)
- First governor general of Bengal.
- Treasury was transferred from Murshidabad to Calcutta, misuse of Dastak was checked.
- Dismissed Deputy Diwans – Muhammad Reza Khan (Bengal) & Raja Shitab Rai (Bihar).
- Appointed Munni Begum as regent of minor Nawab Mubarakud Daula of Bengal.
- Signed treaty of Faizabad (1775) with Asafud Daula of Awadh.
- Rohilla War was fought in 1774 & Rohilkhand was captured by the Nawab of Awadh with the help of the British.
- First Maratha War (1775-82) was ended with the Treaty of Salbai.
- Second Mysore War (1780-84) was ended with the Treaty of Mangalore.
- Stopped annual allowance of Rs 20 lakh to Shah Alam II on charges of seeking protection from the Marathas.
- Codified Hindu & Muslim laws.
- Trial of Nand Kumar & his judicial murder in 1775.
- Foundation of Asiatic Society of Bengal with the help of Sir William Jones in 1784.
- After his return to England in 1785, impeachment proceedings were initiated against him in the House of Lords but after a long trial of 7 years he was eventually acquitted.
- In 1776 Manu’s Law was translated into English as the Code of Gentoo Laws.
- Fatawa-i-Alamgiri was also translated.
- 3 imp acts in his time; Regulating Act of 1773, Act of 1781 and Pitts India Act of 1784
2.Sir John Mac Pherson was made the acting Governor – General from 1785 to 1786.
3.Lord Cornwallis (1786 – 93)
- Introduced Permanent Settlement in Bihar & Bengal (1793) which was also called as the Zamindari System.
- Under this system got prosperity to both the Company & Zamindar had the cost of the common class.
- First person to codify laws & separated the revenue administration from the administration of justice.
- Third Anglo-Mysore War (1790-92) was ended with the Treaty of Srirangapatnam.
- Introduced Cornwallis Code based on the principle of separation of powers in 1793.
- Superintendent of Police was made the head of district police & became the in charge of an area of 1000 sq. miles.
- Introduction of the civil Services in India.
- Collectors were to get 1% of the revenue collection in addition to their salary of Rs. 1500.
4.Sir John Shore (1793 – 98)
- First Charter Act of 1793 was passed.
- Followed a policy of non-intervention.
5.Sir Alured Clark (1798) held the post temporarily.
6.Lord Wellesley (1798 – 1805)
- Described himself as Bengali Tiger.
- Created the Madras presidency.
- Defeated Tipu Sultan in the Fourth Anglo Mysore War in 1799.
- Introduced the system of Subsidiary Alliance in 1798.
- First state to sign the Subsidiary Alliance was Hyderabad in 1798.
- Signed Treaty of Bassein (1802) with the Peshawa & fought Second Anglo-Maratha War during 1803-05.
- Raja Ram Mohan Roy wrote the Tuhfat-ul-Muwahiddin (gift to the Monotheists).
- Opened college to train the Company’s servants in Calcutta. Thats why he is called as the Father of the Civil Services in India.
- Introduced the system of Subsidiary Alliance in 1798.
- Fourth Mysore War (1799) ended with the death of Tipu Sultan.
- Lord Lake captured Delhi & Agra in 1803 and the Mughal Emperor was put under Company’s protection.
7.George Barlow (1805 – 1807)
- He also followed a policy of non-intervention.
- Sepoy Mutiny at Vellore in 1806.
- Restored peace between Scindhia & Holkar.
- Then Holkar accepted Subsidiary Alliance by Treaty of Rajpurghat in 1805.
- End of Second Anglo-Maratha War.
8.Lord Minto I (1807 – 1813)
- Concluded the treaty of Amritsar with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1809.
- Charter Act of 1813 was passed.
9.Lord Hastings (1813 – 23)
- Succeeded in the Gorkha war of the Anglo-Nepalese War (1813-1823).
- Signed Treaty of Sogauli after defeating Amar Singh.
- Abolished Peshwaship & annexed all his territories
- Created the Bombay Presidency after the Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817-1818).
- Pindari War fought (1817-1818).
- Introduction of Ryotwari Settlement in Madras Presidency by Governor, Thomas Munro in 1820.
- Mahalwari (village community) system of land revenue was made in North-West Province by James Thomson.
10.Lord Amherst (1823 – 1828)
- Received by Emperor Akbar II on terms of equality in 1827.
- Signed Treaty of Yandaboo in 1826 with lower Burma.
- First Burmese War was fought (1824-26).
- Capture of Bharatpur (1826).
11.Lord William Bentinck (1828 – 33)
- Last Governor General of Bengal.
- Prohibited Sati in 1829 on request of Raja Rajaram mohan Roy.
- Suppressed Thugi in 1830.
- Annexed Mysore (1830), Kachar (1832), Jaintia (1832) & Coorg (1834).
Regulation of 1833 on land revenue settlement by Mertins Bird (called father of land-revenue settlement).