Governor General of India (1833-1857)

Governor General of IndiaLord William Bentinck (1833-1835)

  • Charter Act of 1833 was passed & made him the first Governor General of India.
  • Appointed Lord Macaulay, the President of the Committee of Public Instruction which recommended English as the medium of instruction.
  • Introduced English education.
  • Raja ram Mohan Roy visited England and died in Bristol in 1833
  • English was to be court language at higher courts but Persian continued in lower courts.
  • Carried out the social reforms like Prohibition of Sari (1829) and elimination of thugs (1830).
  • Suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice.

Sir Charles Mercalfe (1835 – 1836)

  • Abolished all restrictions on vernacular press.
  • Known as Liberator of the Press.
  • First Afghan war held.

Lord Auckland 1842 (1836 – 1842)

  • Most important event of his reign was the First Afghan War, which proved to be
  • a disaster for the English.
  • Tripatriate Treaty was signed between the Company, Ranjit Singh & Shah Shuja.
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh died in 1839.
  • Shah Shuja conceded his sovereign right to the Company over Sind on condition of receiving the arrears of the tribute.
  • Mandavi State was annexed in 1839.

Lord Ellenborough (1842 – 1844)

  • End of the first Afghan War in 1842.
  • Annexation of Sindh (1843) by Sir Charles Napier.
  • War with Gwalior 1843.
  • Abolished Slavery.

Lord Hardinge I (1844 – 1848)

  • Fought the First Sikh War (1845-46) ended with the Treaty of Lahore 1846.
  • Prohibited female infanticide.
  • Suppressed the practice of human sacrifice among the Gond tribe of Central India.
  • Preference to English educated in employment

Lord Dalhousie (1849 – 56)

  • Introduced the policy of Doctrine of Lapse & annexed the states of Satara (1848), Jaitpur and Sambalpur (1849) Baghatpur (1850), Udaipur (1852) Jhansi (1853) and Nagpur (1854). Introduced the Woods Despatch known as the Magnacarta of English Education in India prepared by Charles Wood in 1854.
  • Opened the first Indian Railway in 1853 from Bombay to Thane & Second from Calcutta to Raniganj.
  • Shimla was made summer Capital & Army Head Quarters.
  • Second Sikh War (1848-49) & annexed Punjab.
  • Second Burmese War (1852) & annexation of Lower Burma (Pegu).
  • A Post Office Act was passed in 1854. Postage stamps were issued for the first time.
  • In 1855 the Santhal Uprising took place.
  • Abolished the title of the Nawab of Carnatic.
  • Laid out the telegraph lines in 1853 & First was from Calcutta to Agra.
  • Established the postal system on the modern lines through the length and breadth of the country, which made communication easier.
  • Many bridges were constructed and the work on Grand Trunk Road was restarted.
  • Harbors of Karachi, Bombay and Calcutta were also developed.
  • Started Engineering College at Roorkee.
  • Due to Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s efforts, remarriage of widows was legalized by Widow Remarriage Act, 1856.

Lord Canning (1856 – 57)

  • Foundation of the universities at Calcutta, Bombay & Madras in 1857.
  • Revolt of 1857.

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