Folk paintings of India Kalighat to Kalamkhari

Kalighat paintings – kolkata

  • Kalighat painting was a product of the changing urban society of the 19th century calcutta.
  • Group of artists evolved a quick method of painting on mill-made paper. Using brush and ink from the lampblack, these artists defined figures of deities, gentry and ordinary people with deft and vigorously flowing lines.
  • Romantic depictions of women.
  • Satirical paintings lampooning the hypocrisies of the newly rich & the changing roles of men and women after the introduction of education for Women.Kalighat

Madhubani paintings – mithila, Bihar

  • Women (mithila region,bihar) have painted colorful auspicious
  • Images on the interior walls of their homes on the occasion of
  • Domestic rituals since at least the 14th century.
  • This ancient tradition, especially elaborated for marriages,
  • Continues today.
  • Used to paint the walls of room, known as kohbar ghar in
  • Which the newly wedded couple meet for the first time.Madhubani paintings – mithila, Bihar

Phad scroll paintings – Bhilwada, Rajasthan

  • Phad is a painted scroll, which depicts stories of epic dimensions about local deities and legendary heroes.
  • Bhopas(local priests) carry these scrolls on their shoulders from village to village for a performance
  • Represents the moving shrine of the deity and is an object of worship.
  • Most popular & largest phad – local deities devnarayanji and pabuji.Phad scroll paintings - Bhilwada, Rajasthan

Kalamkari paintings , Andhra pradesh

  • Kalamkari is primarily used for the temple decorations.
  • Festivals or as wall hangings.
  • Stories from the epics ramayana, mahabharata and the puranas
  • Are painted as continuous narratives
  • Relevant telugu verses explaining the theme are also carried
  • Below the artwork.
  • Colors are obtained from vegetable and mineral sources.
  • Gods are painted blue, Demons & evil characters in red and green.
  • Yellow is used for female figures and ornaments.
  • Red is mostly used as a background.Kalamkari paintings , Andhra pradesh


  • A ritualistic design drawn at the threshold of households and temples.
  • Drawn everyday at dawn and dusk by women in south india
  • Kolam marks festivals, seasons and important events in a woman’s life such as birth, first menstruation and marriage.
  • kolam is a free-hand drawing with symmetrical and neat geometrical patterns.

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