East Flowing Peninsular Rivers in India

Peninsular Rivers Flowing towards the East

  • There are a large number of rivers flowing towards the east along with their tributaries.

  • There are small east flowing rivers which join the Bay of Bengal, though small, these are important in their own right.

  • The Subarnrekha, the Baitarni, the Brahmani, the Vamsadhara, the Penner, the Palar and the Vaigai are important east flowing rivers.

East Flowing Rivers

  • Mahanadi River

  • Godavari River

  • Krishna River

  • Kaveri (Cauvery) River

  • Pennar River

  • Subarnarekha River

  • Brahamani River

  • Sarada River

  • Ponnaiyar River

  • Vaigai River

East flowing rivers in India mapMahanadi River

  • Flow route: Chhattisgarh and Odisha and smaller parts of Jharkhand, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.

  • Origin: Dandakaranya in Raipur District of Chhattisgarh.

  • Famous Project: Hirakund Dam

  • Tributaries: The Seonath, the Hasdeo and the Ong, the Tel and the Jonk.

Godavari River

  • Flow route: Extends over states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha in addition to smaller parts in Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Puducherry.

  • Origin: Trimbakeshwar in the Nashik district of Maharashtra about 80 km from the Arabian Sea at an elevation of 1,067 m.

  • Total length: 1,465 km.

  • Epithets: largest Peninsular river in India and Dakshina Ganga.

  • Famous Projects: Poochampad,  Jayakwadi and Polavaram

  • Tributaries: Dharna, Penganga, Wainganga, Wardha, Pranahita , Pench, Kanhan, Sabari, Pravara, Mula, Manjra, Peddavagu, Maner etc.


  • Epithet: Second largest peninsular river.

  • Flow route: Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka.

  • Origin: Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra in Western ghats.

  • Total length: 1,400 km.

  • Tributaries: The Ghatprabha, the Malprabha, the Tungabhadra, the Bhima, the Musi and the Munneru.

Cauvery River
  • Origin: Brahamgiri hills, Karnataka, Western ghats.

  • Epithets: ‘Dakshina Ganga’ or ‘the Ganga of the South’.

  • Total length: 800 km.

  • Tributaries: The Harangi, the Hemavati, the Shimsha, the Arkavati and Lakshmantirtha.

  • Famous projects: Krishnaraja sagar & Mettur.

Pennar River
  • Epithets: Uttara Pinakini.

  • Origin: Chenna Kasava hill of the Nandidurg range, in Chikkaballapura district of Karnataka.

  • Total length: 597 km.

  • Flow route: Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

  • Tributaries: The Jayamangali, the Kunderu, the Chiravati and the Papagni etc.

  • Pennar River basin Project: Somasila project.

  • Origin: Ranchi Plateau in Jharkhand.

  • Total length: 395 km.

  • It joins Bay of Bengal forming an estuary between the Ganga and Mahanadi deltas.

  • Origin: Confluence of the Koel and the Sankh rivers near Rourkela.

  • Total length: 800 km.

  • Flow route: Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Orissa States and drains into Bay of Bengal.

  • Rises from Palni hills in Tamil nadu.

  • Drains in Gulf of Mannar.

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