Development of regional school of paintings: Rajasthani & Paheri

  • Rajasthani & Pahari styles evolved.

Rajasthani style

  • Deeply rooted in the Indian traditions, taking inspiration from Indian epics, Puranas, love poems & Indian folk-lore.
  • Mughal artists of inferior merit who were no longer required by the Mughal Emperors, migrated to Rajasthan.
  • Rajasthani style – bold drawing, strong & contrasting colors.
  • Influenced by Mughal Paintings.
  • Each school of painting has its distinct facial type, costume, landscape & color scheme.

Developed in 3 phases

  • 16th century – Mural paintings
  • 17th century – Sophisticated paintings
  • 17th – 18th century – Potrait paintings
  • Themes: Mostly religious

RajasthaniSub branches of Rajasthani style

1. Mewad school

  • Also known as ‘Ragamala paintings’ i.e paintings based of Raagas.
  • Drawing is bold & the colors are bright & contrasting.
  • Text of the painting is written in black on the top against the yellow ground.

2. Bundi school

  • Close to the Mewad style
  • Rich & glowing colors, the rising sun in golden color, crimson-red horizon, overlapping and semi-naturalistic trees
  • Mostly miniature paintings
  • Mughal influence is visible in the refined drawing of the faces

3. Kishangad school

  • Developed under the patronage of Raja Savant Singh (1748-1757 A.D.), who wrote devotional poetry in praise of Krishna
  • Master painter Nihal Chand who, in his works, has been able to create visual images of his master’s lyrical compositions
  • Theme: Love scenes of Radha & Krishna.Rajasthani

Features:

  • Use of primary colors
  • Liberal use of gold
  • Faces of males & females are similar
  • Krishna is painted in blue
  • Narrow eye brows & Lotus petal shaped eyes
  • Miniature paintings

4. Jaipur school

  • Originated at Amber but later shifted to Jaipur, the new capital.
  • Fairly large number of portraits of the Jaipur rulers.
  • All features of Rasthani style.

Pahari school

  • Influence of both Rajasthani & Mughal styles
  • Themes: Love scenes of Radha & Krishna & Boyhood pranks of Krishna.

Kangra

  • Developed out of the Guler style
  • Raja Sansarchand promoted this style
  • Faces of women in profile have the nose almost in line with the forehead, the eyes are long and narrow and the chin is sharp
  • No modelling of figures and hair is treated as a flat mass

Thanka School

  • Famous in Ladakh region
  • Chinese & Buddhist influence in paintings
  • Use of Silk
  • Mostly miniature paintings

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