Rajasthani & Pahari styles evolved.
- Deeply rooted in the Indian traditions, taking inspiration from Indian epics, Puranas, love poems & Indian folk-lore.
- Mughal artists of inferior merit who were no longer required by the Mughal Emperors, migrated to Rajasthan.
- Rajasthani style – bold drawing, strong & contrasting colors.
- Influenced by Mughal Paintings.
- Each school of painting has its distinct facial type, costume, landscape & color scheme.
Developed in 3 phases
- 16th century – Mural paintings
- 17th century – Sophisticated paintings
- 17th – 18th century – Potrait paintings
- Themes: Mostly religious
1. Mewad school
- Also known as ‘Ragamala paintings’ i.e paintings based of Raagas.
- Drawing is bold & the colors are bright & contrasting.
- Text of the painting is written in black on the top against the yellow ground.
2. Bundi school
- Close to the Mewad style
- Rich & glowing colors, the rising sun in golden color, crimson-red horizon, overlapping and semi-naturalistic trees
- Mostly miniature paintings
- Mughal influence is visible in the refined drawing of the faces
3. Kishangad school
- Developed under the patronage of Raja Savant Singh (1748-1757 A.D.), who wrote devotional poetry in praise of Krishna
- Master painter Nihal Chand who, in his works, has been able to create visual images of his master’s lyrical compositions
- Theme: Love scenes of Radha & Krishna.
- Use of primary colors
- Liberal use of gold
- Faces of males & females are similar
- Krishna is painted in blue
- Narrow eye brows & Lotus petal shaped eyes
- Miniature paintings
4. Jaipur school
- Originated at Amber but later shifted to Jaipur, the new capital.
- Fairly large number of portraits of the Jaipur rulers.
- All features of Rasthani style.
- Influence of both Rajasthani & Mughal styles
- Themes: Love scenes of Radha & Krishna & Boyhood pranks of Krishna.
- Developed out of the Guler style
- Raja Sansarchand promoted this style
- Faces of women in profile have the nose almost in line with the forehead, the eyes are long and narrow and the chin is sharp
- No modelling of figures and hair is treated as a flat mass
- Famous in Ladakh region
- Chinese & Buddhist influence in paintings
- Use of Silk
Mostly miniature paintings