Complete list of Bharat Ratna Awardees from 1952 to 2016 (updated) pdf

Complete list of Bharat Ratna Awardees from 1952 to 2016 (updated) pdf download

Complete list of Bharat Ratna Awardees from 1952 to 2016 (updated) pdf

  • The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of India which is instituted in 1954.
  • Since then, the award has been bestowed on 45 individuals, including 12 who were awarded posthumously (original statutes did not provide for posthumous awards but were amended in January 1955 to permit them).
  • The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C. V. Raman, who were honoured in 1954.
  • Sachin Tendulkar, became the youngest recipient of Bharat ratna at the age of 40 while social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve was the oldest recipient on his 100th birthday.
  • Though usually conferred on India-born citizens, the Bharat Ratna has been awarded to 1 naturalised citizen, Mother Teresa, and to 2 non-Indians, Pakistan national Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and former South African President Nelson Mandela.

List of recipients of Bharat Ratna recipients till now:

Year Laureates Notes
1954 C. Rajagopalachari
  • An Indian independence activist, statesman, and lawyer, Rajagopalachari was the only Indian and last Governor-General of independent India.
  • He was Chief Minister of Madras Presidency (1937–39) and Madras State (1952–54).
1954 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
  • India’s first Vice-President (1952–62) and second President (1962–67).
  • His birthday on 5 September is observed as “Teachers’ Day” in India.
1954 C. V. Raman
  • Better known as “Raman scattering”.
  • Presented Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.[66]
1955 Bhagwan Das
  • Independence activist, philosopher, and educationist, Das is a co-founder of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith.
1955 M. Visvesvaraya
  • Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore (1912–18).
  • His birthday, 15 September, is observed as “Engineer’s Day” in India.
1955 Jawaharlal Nehru
  • First and the longest-serving Prime Minister of India (1947–64).
1957 Govind Ballabh Pant
  • First Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (1950–54). He served as Union Home Minister from 1955–61.
1958 Dhondo Keshav Karve
  • He established the Widow Marriage Association (1883), Hindu Widows Home (1896), and started Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women’s University in 1916.
1961 Bidhan Chandra Roy
  • A physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker, Roy is often considered as “Maker of Modern West Bengal”.
  • His birthday on 1 July is observed as National Doctors’ Day in India.
1961 Purushottam Das Tandon
  • Actively involved in a campaign to get official language status to Hindi.
1962 Rajendra Prasad
  • First President of India (1950–62).
1963 Zakir Husain
  • Second Vice-President of India (1962–67) and went on to become the third President of India (1967–69).
1963 Pandurang Vaman Kane
  • Best known for his 5 volume literary work, History of Dharmaśāstra: Ancient and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India; the “monumental” work that extends over nearly 6,500 pages and being published from 1930 to 1962.
1966 Lal Bahadur Shastri
  • Known for his slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”.
  • Second Prime Minister of India (1964–66).
1971 Indira Gandhi
  • Known as the “Iron Lady of India”.
  • Prime Minister of India during 1966–77 and 1980–84. led to the formation of a new country, Bangladesh.
1975 V. V. Giri
  • First President of All India Trade Union Congress in 1926.
  • Post-independence, Giri held positions of Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Mysore and various other cabinet ministries.
  • First acting President and was eventually elected as the fourth President of India.
1976 K. Kamaraj
  • Independence activist and statesman Kamaraj was a former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1954–57, 1957–62, and 1962–63.
1980 Mother Teresa
  • “Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta” was a catholic nun & the founder of the Missionaries of Charity.
  • She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work in 1979.
1983 Vinoba Bhave
  • Best known for his Bhoodan movement, “Land-Gift Movement”.
  • Ramon Magsaysay Award (1958) for his humanitarian work.
1987 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan*
  • known as “Frontier Gandhi”.
  • Founded Khudai Khidmatgar (“Red Shirt movement”) in 1929.
1988 M.G. Ramachandran
  • Actor turned politician & served as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, 1985–87.
1990 B. R. Ambedkar
  • Chief architect of the Indian Constitution.
  • Served as the first Law Minister of India.
  • His Birth Day is observed as “World scholar’s day”
1990 Nelson Mandela
  • Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa.
  • President of South Africa (1994–99).
  • Often called as the “Gandhi of South Africa”.
  • In 1993, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.[99]
1991 Rajiv Gandhi
  • Ninth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989.
1991 Vallabhbhai Patel
  • Better known as the “Iron Man of India”.
  • First Deputy Prime Minister of India (1947–50).
1991 Morarji Desai
  • Sixth Prime Minister of India (1977–79).
  • Only Indian national to be awarded the Nishan-e-Pakistan, highest civilian award given by the Government of Pakistan.
1992 Abul Kalam Azad
  • India’s first Minister of Education and worked towards free primary education.
  • WHis birthday on 11 Nov is observed as National Education Day in India.
1992 J. R. D. Tata
  • Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer.
  • He founded India’s first airline Air India and many more prestigious institutions.
1992 Satyajit Ray
  • Having debuted as a director with Pather Panchali (1955), film-maker Ray is credited with bringing world recognition to Indian cinema.
  • In 1984, He was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India’s highest award in cinema.
1997 Gulzarilal Nanda
  • Independence activist.
  • Two times interim Prime Minister of India (1964, 1966).
1997 Aruna Asaf Ali
  • Independence activist Ali is better known for hoisting the Indian flag in Bombay during the Quit India Movement in 1942.
1997 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
  • Aerospace and defence scientist.
  • worked for Indian National Committee for Space Research, Indian Space Research Organisation, Defence Research and many more.
  • Eleventh President of India from 2002 till 2007.
1998 M. S. Subbulakshmi
  • Carnatic classical vocalist Subbulakshmi, often hailed as “Queen of songs”.
  • First Indian musician to receive the Ramon Magsaysay award.
1998 Chidambaram Subramaniam
  • Independence activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India (1964–66).
  • Known for his contribution towards Green Revolution.
1999 Jayaprakash Narayan
  • Widely known as “Lok Nayak”
  • Independence activist, social reformer.
1999 Amartya Sen
  • Winner of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences (1998).
  • Also known for ethics and political philosophy.
1999 Gopinath Bordoloi
  • Independence activist Bordoloi is the first Chief Minister of Assam (1946–50).
1999 Ravi Shankar Winner of four Grammy Awards and often considered “the world’s best-known exponent of Hindustani classical music”, sitar player Shankar is known for his collaborative work with Western musicians including Yehudi Menuhin and George Harrison.
2001 Lata Mangeshkar
  • Widely known as the “nightingale of India”.
  • Dadasaheb Phalke Awardee, India’s highest award in cinema.
2001 Bismillah Khan
  • Hindustani classical shehnai player.
2009 Bhimsen Joshi
  • Hindustani classical vocalist
  • Widely known for the Khyal genre of singing with a “mastery over rhythm and accurate notes”.
2014 C. N. R. Rao
  • Recipient of Honorary Doctorates from 63 Universities.
  • Authored around 1600 research papers & 48 books.
2014 Sachin Tendulkar
  • Played 664 international cricket matches in a career spanned over two decades.
  • Only player to have scored 100 international centuries.
  • First batsman to score a double century in a ODI and more…
2015 Madan Mohan Malaviya
  • Founder of Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha (1906) and Banaras Hindu University.
  • President of Indian National Congress for 4 terms and was the Chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946.
2015 Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  • Prime Minister of India for three terms; 1996, 1998, 1999–2004.
  • Parliamentarian for over 4 decades, Vajpayee was elected 9 times to the Lok Sabha, 2 to the Rajya Sabha.
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