First Carnatic War (1746 – 1748)
- It was the fallout of the Austrian war of succession, in which France & England were in opposite camps.
- The English navy under Barnett captured a few French ships.
- The French Governor, Dupleix, besieged Madras, in 1746 both by land and sea.
- Ended with the Treaty of Aix-La-Chappelle in 1848 which also concluded the 18-month long siege over Fort St. David.
- According to the Treaty of Aix-La-Chappelle Madras was returned to English company in exchange of Louisburg in North America to France.
Second Carnatic War (1748 – 1754)
- It was closely linked with the dispute of succession in the Nizam of Hyderabad & over the Nawabship of Carnatic.
- Ended with the Treaty of Pondicherry, 1754.
- According to treaty both French & English decided not to interfere in the internal affairs of Indian rulers.
- Return by the English and the French companies of the conquered parts of each other
Third Carnatic War (1756 – 1763)
- Outbreak of the 7 Years War in Europe & ended the short peace between the European Companies in India.
- End in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris.
- Pondicherry, Karaikal & some other French settlements were returned to the French.
- Sealed the French ambitions in India & with the English conquest of Bengal.
Reasons for the English Success
- Naval superiority of the British.
- Secure geographical position of England.
- Complete approval to the policies & programmes of the English.
- little interest of the French government in Indian affairs.
- Stronger financial position of the British.
- English control over Bengal, Bombay & Madras.
- Lack of coordination between the policy of Dupleix & the French government
- Recall of Bussy from Hyderabad
- Constitutional developments from 1900 to 1950
- Battle of Plassey in 1757
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