Carnatic Wars I, II & III

CarnaticFirst Carnatic War (1746 – 1748)

  • It was the fallout of the Austrian war of succession, in which France & England were in opposite camps.
  • The English navy under Barnett captured a few French ships.
  • The French Governor, Dupleix, besieged Madras, in 1746 both by land and sea.
  • Ended with the Treaty of Aix-La-Chappelle in 1848 which also concluded the 18-month long siege over Fort St. David.
  • According to the Treaty of Aix-La-Chappelle Madras was returned to English company in exchange of Louisburg in North America to France.

Second Carnatic War (1748 – 1754)

  • It was closely linked with the dispute of succession in the Nizam of Hyderabad & over the Nawabship of Carnatic.
  • Ended with the Treaty of Pondicherry, 1754.
  • According to treaty both French & English decided not to interfere in the internal affairs of Indian rulers.
  • Return by the English and the French companies of the conquered parts of each other

Third Carnatic War (1756 – 1763)

  • Outbreak of the 7 Years War in Europe & ended the short peace between the European Companies in India.
  • End in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris.
  • Pondicherry, Karaikal & some other French settlements were returned to the French.
  • Sealed the French ambitions in India & with the English conquest of Bengal.
Reasons for the English Success
  • Naval superiority of the British.
  • Secure geographical position of England.
  • Complete approval to the policies & programmes of the English.
  • little interest of the French government in Indian affairs.
  • Stronger financial position of the British.
  • English control over Bengal, Bombay & Madras.
  • Lack of coordination between the policy of Dupleix & the French government
  • Recall of Bussy from Hyderabad
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