- On Alivardi Khan’s death in 1756, Siraj-ud-daula, his grandson became the Nawab of Bengal at 24.
- After his accession to the throne, the Nawab came into conflicts with the English in Bengal.
- Siraj prevented the English from fortifying Fort William & captured Fort William, taking 146 Englishmen prisoners.
Black Hole Tragedy, 1756
146 prisoners were thrown in a very small room 123 died on 20th June, 1756 out of suffocation & only 23 survived. English historians describe this incident as the “Black Hole Tragedy”. However, historians treat this tragedy as a myth rather than reality.
- This incident instigated the English at Chennai to send a relieving force under Robert Clive along with Admiral Watson to Bengal.
Course of the Plassey War
- Major part of the Nawab’s army led by the traitors Mir Jafar & Rai Durlabh, took no part in the fighting.
- The Nawab was forced to flee & was captured.
- Finally put to death by Mir Jafar’s son Miran.
- English proclaimed Mir Jafar, the Nawab of Bengal & set out to gather the reward.
Those Who Betrayed Siraj-ud-Daula
- Jagat Seth →A rich banker
- Khadim Khan →A powerful noble
- Manik Chand →officer in charge of Calcutta
- Mir Jaffar →Commander-in-Chief
- Amin Chand →A famous merchant of Calcutta
- Rai Durlabh →Treasurer of Nawab
- Qhasiti Begum→His aunt
Results of Plassey war
- Paved the way for the foundation of the English rule in India.
- Company was granted undisputed right to free trade in Bengal, Bihar & Orrisa.
- Also received the zamindari of the 24 Parghanas near Calcutta.
- Mir Jafar paid a sum of Rs. 1,77,00,000 as compensation for the attack on Calcutta to the Company & the traders of the city.
- Soon Mir Jafar’s treasury was emptied & forced him in October 1760 to leave the throne in favour of his son-in-law, Mir Qasim.
- Mir Qasim rewarded his benefactors by granting the Company the Zamindari of districts of Burdwan, Midnapur & Chittagong.
- And also giving handsome presents, totalling 29 Lakh of rupees to the high English officials.