Battle of Plassey in 1757

PlasseyCause of the Plassey War

  • On Alivardi Khan’s death in 1756, Siraj-ud-daula, his grandson became the Nawab of Bengal at 24.
  • After his accession to the throne, the Nawab came into conflicts with the English in Bengal.
  • Siraj prevented the English from fortifying Fort William & captured Fort William, taking 146 Englishmen prisoners.

Black Hole Tragedy, 1756

146 prisoners were thrown in a very small room 123 died on 20th June, 1756 out of suffocation & only 23 survived. English historians describe this incident as the “Black Hole Tragedy”. However, historians treat this tragedy as a myth rather than reality.

  • This incident instigated the English at Chennai to send a relieving force under Robert Clive along with Admiral Watson to Bengal.

Course of the Plassey War

  • Major part of the Nawab’s army led by the traitors Mir Jafar & Rai Durlabh, took no part in the fighting.
  • The Nawab was forced to flee & was captured.
  • Finally put to death by Mir Jafar’s son Miran.
  • English proclaimed Mir Jafar, the Nawab of Bengal & set out to gather the reward.

Those Who Betrayed Siraj-ud-Daula

  • Jagat Seth →A rich banker
  • Khadim Khan →A powerful noble
  • Manik Chand →officer in charge of Calcutta
  • Mir Jaffar →Commander-in-Chief
  • Amin Chand →A famous merchant of Calcutta
  • Rai Durlabh →Treasurer of Nawab
  • Qhasiti Begum→His aunt

Results of Plassey war

  • Paved the way for the foundation of the English rule in India.
  • Company was granted undisputed right to free trade in Bengal, Bihar & Orrisa.
  • Also received the zamindari of the 24 Parghanas near Calcutta.
  • Mir Jafar paid a sum of Rs. 1,77,00,000 as compensation for the attack on Calcutta to the Company & the traders of the city.
  • Soon Mir Jafar’s treasury was emptied & forced him in October 1760 to leave the throne in favour of his son-in-law, Mir Qasim.
  • Mir Qasim rewarded his benefactors by granting the Company the Zamindari of districts of Burdwan, Midnapur & Chittagong.
  • And also giving handsome presents, totalling 29 Lakh of rupees to the high English officials.
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