Battle of Buxar, 1764

Buxar war sceneCauses of Buxar war

  • Mir Kasim wanted to be independent & shifted his capital to Monghyr from Calcutta.
  • Also employed foreign experts to train his army.
  • Treated Indian merchants & English as same.
  • These factors fueled the English decided to overthrow him & war broke out between Mir Kasim vs the Company in 1763.

Course of Buxar war

  • Mir Qasim escaped to Oudh & organised a confederacy with Shuja-ud-daula, the Nawab of Oudh and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II in a final bid to oust the English from Bengal.
  • Mir Qasim 40,000 to 60,000 soldiers met the English army of 7,072. troops commanded by Major Munro in the battle of Buxar on October 22, 1764.
  • Combined armies were defeated by the British.
  • Mir Qasim fled from the battle & the other two surrendered to the English.
  • Ended with the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765.

Results of Buxar war

  • Robert Clive was appointed the first Governor General of Bengal.
  • He made political settlements with Shuja-ud-Daula of Awadh & Emperor Shah Alam II in the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765.

By the Treaty, Shuja-ud-Daulah was confirmed to the following conditions:

(i)Surrendered Allahabad & Kara to Emperor Shah Alam II

(ii) Agreed to pay Rs. 50 lakh to the Company as war damage

(iii) Confirmed Balwant Singh, Zamindar of Benares in full possession of his estate.

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