Atomic Minerals In India Uranium & Thorium

  • Atomic energy can be produced by fission or fusion of the atoms or rather the nuclear parts of radio-active minerals like uranium thorium and radium.

  • India possesses the world’s largest reserves of monazite, the principal source of thorium and some reserves of uranium.

Distribution of mineralsUranium


  • In India, uranium is embedded in the igneous and metamorphic rocks in Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and some parts of Himalaya.

  • A substantial source of uranium deposits is also found in the monazite sandsalong the Kerala coasts.

  • The production of uranium at present is confined to the mines at Jaduguda in Singhbhum district of Jharkhand.

  • The total reserves of uranium in the country are enough to support 5,000-10,000 mw of electricity generating capacity.

  • The largest source of uranium comprise the monazite sands, both beach and alluvial.

  • Monazite sand rich in uranium is found in Kerala. Some uranium is found in the copper and zinc mines of Udaipur (Rajasthan).

  • The total reserves of uranium as estimated by the Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India, are about 31,000 tonnes.


  • Thorium is principally obtained from monazite. The beach sands of Kerala in Palghat and Quilon district contain the world’s richest monazite deposits.

  • It also occurs on the sands of Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh.

  • The production of Uranium is presently confined to the mines of Jaduguda in Singhbhum district of Jharkhand.

  • India possesses the world’s largest monazite reserves, the principal source of thorium.

In addition to uranium and thorium, beryllium and lithium are also the atomic minerals found mainly in Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan.

Feel free to comment !!